Geisha traditional Make-up
Geisha traditional Make-up
When talking about a geisha, one always remembers a specific make-up. In particular, white-pale faces, scarlet red lips, underlined by black lines and highlighted in red eyes and eyebrow. Meanwhile, the roots of the make-up of geisha, exquisite and royally perfect, are in the ancient Chinese style of applying cosmetics. And although make-up is a kind of visiting card of a geisha or majko, these beautiful Japanese women did not always look that way.
Noteworthy, a unique combination of makeup colors black, white, and red is symbolic and determined by the Chinese tradition. By the way, another rich and noticeable Asian culture – Korean, own distinctive, dear to the heart symbolic colors. But for Chinese and Japanese, red is a favorable color, which represents success and prosperity. The Japanese perceive the color of the sun in red. White color is purity, perfection and a new birth. The combination of two colors is suitable for many cases – happy and dramatic. And white and black together – under sad circumstances. But black, red and white at the same time – Harmony, life and death, beauty and decay, happiness and sorrow. They are like the symbol of Yang and Yin (black and white).
In fact, “Makeup of a geisha” appeared in Japan at the time of the Heian period, heavily influenced by Chinese culture. And even ladies from the imperial environment perceived “white-red-black” make-up. To create a white mask, they used a paste of rice flour (or lead powder) mixed with water. In addition, women shaved eyebrows and marked false brows high on the forehead in thick and straight black lines. Besides, they blackened teeth (ohaguro), which indicated a high social status. Juice from safflower (beniban) stained the lips in red, or rather not juice, and powder, made from dried petals of safflower, mixed with water. The original dried material is usually a yellowish-green color, but miraculously becomes bright red when mixed with water.
Sometimes the paint with too thick coating showed a green tint. By the way, ladies who wear a kimono still prefer and use this paint (Benny). A jar of high-quality Benny, for about 40-50 uses, costs more than a hundred dollars. And the reason of high price – a very large amount of safflower needed to produce one jar of Benny.
When the geisha appeared as a cultural phenomenon in the history of Japan, her style became more than restrained, both in terms of make-up and with regard to attire, ornaments and hairstyles. This was largely due to strict government directives, so that there would be no competitive relationship between geishas and courtesans. But the courtesans, believing that the style of the Heian era is very beautiful, accepted it with pleasure, while making efforts to restore the romanticism and elegance of the golden age.
But strangely enough, the rules that limit the geisha, in contrast, worked in their favor. The style of a geisha – light cosmetics, a minimum of jewelry in a strict neat hairstyle, a discreet kimono – considered the embodiment of the “Iki”, chic. Whereas the thick “impenetrable” make-up of courtesans began to appear as old-fashioned and tasteless over time.
However, Geisha, oddly enough, soon took courtesans style make-up. And today make up, as well as hair, kimono, – the characteristics of the image of a Geisha.
Traditionally, Maiko “wears” white-red-black makeup all the time at the beginning of her career. At first, her older sister, onae-san helps to impose a make-up. Becoming a geisha, she continues to make more distinctive makeup for three years, but later she puts on a kimono of less decorative ornaments, more elaborate, making discreet makeup and simple hairstyle. This indicates that the time of beauty has passed and the time of maturity has come and the main thing in a geisha is not appearance, but art (gay, gay-hsia – man of art). Although during the holidays, official events, she will make a distinctive make-up.
To create an image of a Japanese geisha, you need “make-up of a geisha”. Today, maiko and geisha use modern cosmetics, and not harmful to health lead powder. The basis for make-up of white color and powder is vital. You also need red eye shadow, black mascara, black eyeliner, brown eyebrow pencil, red lipstick and red lip liner.
Before proceeding directly to the make-up of a geisha, it is necessary to wash and clean the face, and then dry it with a cotton towel dry. It is better to assemble the hair into a bun. To make cosmetics not later spread over the face, you should apply a thin layer of wax – to create a barrier against sweat. This, in fact, does any geisha, covering the face with the Bintsuke-Abur, thanks to which the white paste falls well on the skin.
A thick cream of white color to put on the whole face, including the lips, eyes and eyebrows, under the chin, neck from two sides, to the border with clothing, leaving two V-shaped areas on the back of the head unpainted. After applying the substrate, one must powder the face and neck in the same manner.
Apply quite a bit of the red eye shadow below the outside of each eyelid, and shade carefully the shadows beyond each eyelid from the top of the eye.
Draw a thick line with a black pencil on each upper eyelid, shape slightly “wing”.
Above eyebrows draw eyebrows in a brown pencil, creating an arched effect, the line should be not thin, wider.
Dye eyelashes with mascara, but just a little bit and let them dry.
A red lip liner draws small thin lips, much smaller than real lips. Fill the contour with a bright red lipstick.
Supplement the classic make-up of a geisha with a light pink blush, dyed a little with a brush of blush on the top cheekbones.
Generally, a geisha is a woman who entertains her clients with Japanese dance, singing, and tea ceremony. Also, she is able to have conversation on any topic, usually dressed in a kimono and wearing traditional make-up and hairstyles. Noteworthy, the name of the profession consists of two characters: “art” and “man,” thus meaning “man of art.”
Geisha traditional Make-up
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